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About Turkmenistan


Turkmenistan is located in the western part of Central Asia. The country extends 1100 km from west to east and 650 km from north to south. The area of Turkmenistan is 491,21 thousand km². In the south Turkmenistan borders with Iran and Afghanistan, with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the north, and with the Caspian Sea in the East. Over 80 percent of Turkmenistan’s territory is covered by the Karakum desert, which mainly spreads across the center of the country. Approximately 15 percent of the territory of Turkmenistan is occupied by hills and mountains. The highest peak in the country is Mount Airy Baba with an altitude of 3139m.

Turkmenistan - is a democratic, legal, secular state and its government takes is a presidential republic.

The Constitution of Turkmenistan is the main law of state, according to which the state structure of Turkmenistan is based on the principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial branches, which operate independently, balancing each other. The Turkmen President is the guarantor of national independence, of the country’s neutraliyty status, its territorial integrity, the respect for the constitution and international obligations. The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan. On 27 October 1991 Turkmenistan became an independent state and since then this date is celebrated as the country's Independence Day. On 12 December 1995 with the unanimous support of all 185 Member States of the United Nations General Assembly Member States Turkmenistan was recognized as a permanently neutral state.

Turkmenistan – is a large epoch in the history of ancient routes of Great Silk Road. Caravans and diplomatic missions, travelers and pilgrims have constructed for the friendship and mutual understanding between nations through these routes.

Turkmenistan – is a place of real discoveries for international tourists – large desert of Karakum, mountain heights of Kopetdag, fantastic valleys of Koytendag, subtropical steppes of Sumbar, interesting underground lake of Kovata, unique historical architectural monuments of Ancient Merv, Kunyaurgench and Nissa are listed in the UNESCO World Herritage.

Large-scaled project of National Touristic Zone of Avaza is being realized on the Caspian coast of Turkmenistan. At the moment the zone corresponding to the international resort touristic standards, serves the guests with its first class hotels, cottage complexes, yacht clubs, healthcare, sport and shopping centers.

Turkmenistan is rich with the matchless natural sightseeings. Many natural complexes, existing in the nature conservations of Turkmenistan, have no analogues in Eurasia. Therefore, they are counted in the list of unique nature conservations of the world.

Turkmenistan is also rich with the mineral water and mud sources that are widely used as cure and for maintaining the healthcare. Mollakara resort center is visited by wide range of patients. It is located by the salty lake, which has curing specification. There is no other of such lake. Even Dead Sea in Israel barely can compete with this one.

Bayramaly Resort which is specialized in treatment of kidneys also attracts a number of foreign tourists. There are only two of such resort that is exists in the world. And how marvelous will the capital of Turkmenistan – Ashgabat – look in the eyes of the guests! Palaces and parks, monuments and beautiful buildings, stadiums and museums, hotels and amusement centers have turned the city into one of the most comfortable and most beautiful cities of the world. Ashgabat is the center for business, culture, sports and of course, tourism.